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designer: Momococomment

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You've got to give it up for Momoco. This small London studio did what many title designers only dream of – they made their own film. Copelia is a short, intelligent sci-fi love story that features some of the most hallucinogenic futurescapes we've ever seen. A true Renaissance Man, designer Nic Benns wrote, directed, edited, and composed the score (under his Niji moniker). He also did most of the digital effects and sound design. With creative partner Miki Kato co-producing, you could say that this is a true Momoco 'family affair.'

Watch the Titles premieres the main title of Copelia, we picked designer Nic Benns' brain about his pet project, and we're sharing some of Momoco's amazing process.

Copelia (stills)

A doctor has invented a strange new technology that converts sounds into protective organisms, which he uses to shield his precious flowers and plants. But when his creation is stolen, reproduced and used on a massive scale by The Authority to shield a town from perceived terrorism, the townsfolk become trapped inside a bizarre, evolving living structure. Copelia zooms in on one story from the entombed city: Engineer Bill Brigmann is divided by the evolving shell from his wife, Agatha, as they share their final intimate days together in a beautiful, yet terrifying world.

Bizarre as it may seem, it was an actual newspaper story that triggered Nic Benns to write a story about an invention falling into the wrong hands. “I read a story about a guy who had invented this virtually reality system to help blind people. He generally wanted to do something good. But then it then was sold down the line, and many years later he found out that his technology was used in airplanes as targeting devices. Something he had created had been taken away from him, and it was abused, essentially, to kill people. He obviously felt very bad about that. It was such a strong real-life incident. It was really moving.”

Copelia trailer. Watch the complete short film on Vimeo, published in 2013 under its final title, The Shell.


, who originally wanted to become a comic book artist, made a graphic novel first to get some 'name' actors on board and get the crew interested in his vision. "It was quite a good blueprint of the style we were after and the graphic novel featured a lot of the architecture that we later used in the movie.” Coincidentally or not, all the actors in Copelia have been in movie adaptations from comic books. The main character, Bill, is played by Vincent Regan who starred in 300 and Hellboy.


Copelia - The Graphic Novel
by Nic Benns, selected pages.

Copelia set designCopelia – Set design concepts

"For one of the scenes we shot lots of pipes and engine parts and parts of airplanes and composed them in 3d space and built this massive pump station. This took weeks to do."

Copelia - Extracts form story boards
Copelia – Extracts form story boards

Copelia - Extracts form story boards
"Here are some of the storyboards that we put up in the green screen shoot. It was really good for the DP (director of photography) for framing, so he could decide what lenses to use.

Copelia - Process
"These were done to communicate to the actors how they'd be positioned, and also to give them a real sense of the environments they are  placed in."

Copelia - art
Copelia – Concepts for cocoons and shells.


Making Of "Copelia" - Compositing a scene

"This is an example of how one of the shots was built," explains Benns, “I have a few secrets tricks to bring everything to life. Atmosphere is very important in these things."

"We shot everything on the red camera and we used Zeiss ultra prime lenses. Then it was all composited in After Effects. A lot of it was composited on laptops. The technology is really lo-fi for such an ambitious project. But nothing was outsourced. We just did it between the three of us. Occasionally we bring in a fourth person for the high end 3-D. We did a lot of stuff in camera. We shot elements in tanks and then created something new out of just natural objects. So there's very little CG in it, but a lot of compositing... lots of layers.


The one thing they learned from making Copelia in house, explains Benns, was to plan ahead. "We'd spend days on a tiny detail. Then when we graded it the details would just be obliterated, because it was very dark. Next time we do the grading first and get a plan for that and then we know how much is actually visible. It's good to have a plan of how much of the levels is going to be seen"

Copelia - Process
"For the organic textures I was really inspired by choral formations and cellular structures. Also by Ernst Haeckel, a biologist, who did these wonderful little studies. And some of it is quite Rorschach as well and when you step back you can sometimes see faces in the design."

Finally you got to design a main title for your own movie. How was that?
“It was quite liberating, but it has to be appropriate. I couldn't just throw in everything I always wanted to do. But the hardest part of the project was the editing. I should never edit my own stuff. You're just too precious about the shots.”

What's next for Momoco?
"Copelia was just the start of a big adventure," says Benns. "We have a few ideas for feature films. But we had to make this film not just as a learning process, but also to try out a lot of the effects and techniques that we'll later adapt for our main feature.”

Copelia - Process

Article: Remco Vlaanderen, © Submarine Channel, 22 December 2011. Last update 15 March 2013.

Year of production


Title designer

more about Momoco

About Momoco


Still from the 2010 mini documentary about Momoco
Watch the 10" mini-documentary we made about Momoco featuring Miki Kato and Nic Benns, shot on location at their tiny London studio.

Momoco is a multi-disciplinary design and live action studio in London specializing in title sequences for film and TV, commercials and music videos. Momoco UK was founded by Nic Benns and Miki Kato. Creative director Nic Benns graduated from Cambridge University and moved to the US to study film at Cal Arts where he met Kato, who was studying for an MFA in Graphic Design.

Momoco has been designing title sequence since 1996, starting off at Imaginary Forces and yU+co, before setting up Momoco offices in L.A. and London in 1999. Sister company Momoco L.A. (Harold de Jesus and Marcel Valcarce) rebranded in 2005 to become inMotion Studios.

Momoco wrote, produced and directed the short sci-fi movie The Shell (a.k.a. Copelia) in 2010. (watch on Vimeo).

more about Momoco

Full credits

Title design, director, editor, co-producer, vfx, sound design
Nic Benns @ Momoco
Miki Kato @ Momoco
Soundtrack title sequence
William Orbit

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